THE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE / MÜZE-İ HÜMAYÛN: ÇİNİLİ KOSK


Article NameTHE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE / MÜZE-İ HÜMAYÛN: ÇİNİLİ KOSK
AuthorsHayal MERİÇ
Keywords TROsmanlı İmparatorluğu , Çinili Köşk , müze , eski eserler.
KeywordsOttoman Empire , Cinili Kosk , museum , antiquities.
Article Summary Çinili Kiosk, which was built by the order of Sultan Mehmed II in 1472 in the exterior garden of Topkapi Palace is quite remarkable in Ottoman Architecture due to its unique architectural design. It was not possible to do much research on this building with the aim of explaining its function and its unique status in the area it was built due to inadequacy of information and documentation regarding this building. Even though there is no clear information regarding the use of it, thanks to the archives and documentations prepared by official Ottoman historians, it is known that various ceremonies, palatial games and sports were held in the kosk and that it was used for various purposes until the final quarter of the 19th century. In 1873, due to lack of space the need appeared to transfer to a new building the antiquities and weapon collections which were on a two-part exhibition in Aya Irini Church, and Cinili Kosk was chosen to be the new building to host these collections. Thus, the first museum of the Ottoman Empire called “Müze-i Hümayûn” was officially opened within Cinili Kosk in 1880. However, during the transformation of the kiosk into a museum, a huge amount of damage was done to its authentic structure. Even though a limited number of documents is available related to the history of the building, it is possible to follow the changes and reconstructions that the building had undergone during the period from this point on until the beginning of the 20th century through the archives. Cinili Kosk has served as a museum up until today since the day when the antiques exhibited within it were transformed to a new building which is the current Archaeology Museum in 1891. Thus, it had played a significant role in the history of Turkish museum culture, as well as became a symbol of the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire with its architecture which was associated with different symbolic meanings by the Ottoman superiors.
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